Please Call or Fax Us! 888-445-9525
10645 N Tatum Blvd  Ste 200-420 Phoenix, AZ 85028

IRC Tax Deferred Exchanges

Information on Real Estate Exchanges

What Is It?

A tax-deferred exchange is a simple, strategic method for selling an investment property and replacing it with another qualifying property. Equity is transferred from one property to another replacement property, thus deferring capital gain taxes. It must take place within a specific time frame. This is done in accordance with Federal tax code IRC 1031 to defer all capital tax liability associated with a property sale. Although the act of exchanging one property for another is similar to a typical property sale and purchase, an exchange is different because the transaction is memorialized as an exchange and not a sale.

Why Do It?

Why exchange rather than sell? One reason is to defer capital gains tax. A standard investment property sale would result in the payment of capital gain taxes, which could exceed 25%. With the use of an experienced Realtor and a qualified exchange facilitator, an IRC 1031 exchange could defer all capital gains tax liability, preserving the value of your investment. Another reason would be to acquire a more advantageous replacement property. Typically, properties are exchanged to obtain investment property in a different geographic location or to obtain a different type of investment property. For instance, a farm in Iowa could be exchanged for an apartment building in Chandler; land in Gilbert could be exchanged for a condo in Florida. Exchanges do not necessarily require that two people simultaneously swap property. One person could sell (exchange) their property for another property they later purchase.

How Do I Do It?

The most widely used exchange procedure is a Delayed Exchange. In a delayed exchange, the relinquished property is sold and an exchange facilitator becomes the repository for the proceeds. The money is kept in the facilitator's secured account until the new property is located; then, instructions are supplied to fund the replacement property purchase. The funds are sent to the escrow company, and the replacement property is purchased and deeded directly to the exchange facilitator. The facilitator then assigns ownership of the replacement property to the exchangor. All the necessary documentation to clearly memorialize the transaction as an exchange is provided by the facilitator, such as an exchange agreement, assignment agreement, and appropriate closing instructions.

A second type of exchange is a Reverse Exchange, which is actually a misnomer. This type of exchange is executed when the exchangor buys a replacement property before closing on the sale of their relinquished property. Since the exchangor cannot purchase the replacement and later exchange into a property they already own, they need to acquire the replacement property while maintaining the integrity of their exchange in the eyes of the IRS. With proper planning, exchange facilitators can assist in the execution of reverse exchanges.

Exchanging can sometimes involve complex legal and tax issues. The inadvertent failure to comply with all Like-Kind Exchange Regulations can jeopardize the potential tax deferred status of a transaction. It is important that any exchange be carefully planned with the help of an experienced
Realtor, recognized and respected exchange facilitator, and qualified legal, tax or exchanging professional.

7 Steps To A Successful 1031 Tax-Deferred Exchange

Step 1
Consult with your tax and financial advisors to determine if a tax-deferred exchange is appropriate for your circumstances and compatible with your investment goals.

Step 2
Listing the Relinquished Property for sale with a licensed real estate broker. The broker/agent will disclose the intent to complete an exchange in the listing agreement.

Step 3
Offer, Counter Offer and Acceptance. Offer, The Exchanger (Seller) enters into contract with the Buyer for the sale/exchange of the Relinquished Property that discloses the Sellers intent to complete an exchange, and obtains the Buyers cooperation.

Step 4
Open escrow for the Relinquished Property and coordinate with the Facilitator. All earnest money deposits should be placed with the Escrow Company. The Facilitator prepares the exchange agreement and the necessary amendments and assignments and coordinates with the escrow holder. The close of escrow of the Relinquished Property and the receipt to the net proceeds by the Facilitator completes Phase I of a tax-deferred exchange. Important: The exchange documents must be in place and signed by all parties prior to close of escrow.

Step 5
Identify Replacement Property. The Exchanger must identify all Replacement Property within 45 days from the close of escrow of the Relinquished Property. The identification must be in writing, signed by the Exchanger, and sent to the proper parties by the end of 45th day.

Step 6
Contracting for the Replacement Property. After closing on the Relinquished Property the Exchanger has up to 180 days to acquire the Replacement Property. With the help of his or her agent the Exchanger enters into contract to purchase the Replacement Property from the Seller. In the contract to purchase the Exchanger discloses the Exchangers intent to complete the exchange and obtains the Sellers cooperation.

Step 7
Open escrow for the Replacement Property. The Facilitator prepares the Phase 11 Exchange documents and coordinates with the Replacement Property Escrow holder. At the instruction of the Facilitator the funds held in trust by the Facilitator are placed in escrow and the escrow holder deeds the Replacement Property from the seller directly to the Exchanger. The transaction is closed as Phase II of a delayed exchange.


Give us a call, send us an email or fill out the form below and see how hard we can work for you!